1、在安装openoffice过程中出现大致如下的错误

ERROR: Error 65280 occurred while making /var/tmp/portage/app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1/work/ooo/build/OOO320_m19/desktop/zipintro 
rmdir /var/tmp/portage/app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1/temp/yERj5YXC9A 
make: *** [stamp/build] Error 1 
* ERROR: app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1 failed: 
* Build failed 
* 
* Call stack: 
* ebuild.sh, line 54: Called src_compile 
* environment, line 8141: Called die 
* The specific snippet of code: 
* make || die "Build failed" 
* 
* If you need support, post the output of 'emerge --info =app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1', 
* the complete build log and the output of 'emerge -pqv =app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1'. 
!!! When you file a bug report, please include the following information: 
GENTOO_VM=sun-jdk-1.6 CLASSPATH="" JAVA_HOME="/opt/sun-jdk-1.6.0.22" 
JAVACFLAGS="-source 1.5 -target 1.5" COMPILER="" 
and of course, the output of emerge --info 
* The complete build log is located at '/var/log/portage/app-office:openoffice-3.2.1-r1:20101120-141010.log'. 
* The ebuild environment file is located at '/var/tmp/portage/app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1/temp/environment'. 
* S: '/var/tmp/portage/app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1/work/ooo' 
 
>>> Failed to emerge app-office/openoffice-3.2.1-r1, Log file: 
 
>>> '/var/log/portage/app-office:openoffice-3.2.1-r1:20101120-141010.log'

问题原因:openoffice依赖一个包imagemagick,该包编译时需要png。具体机制不详

解决方法: USE="png" emerge -av imagemagick openoffice

2、在root下面无法启动gedit等gui软件
错误提示为:

(gedit:5278): EggSMClient-WARNING **: Failed to connect to the session manager: None of the authentication protocols specified are supported 
 
** 
GLib-GIO:ERROR:gdbusconnection.c:2271:initable_init: assertion failed: (connection->initialization_error == NULL) 
Aborted

问题原因:su进入root后,只是简单的切换user,并不能提供一个全root的运行环境
解决方法: 使用 su - 代替 su。 注意su和-之间有个空格。

3、firefox字体模糊
问题原因:系统开启了抗锯齿效果
解决方法: 在/etc/fonts/fonts.conf文件中添加:

 <match target="font">
                <test name="family" compare="eq">
                        <string>SimSun</string>"or"
                        <string>Bitstream Cyberbit</string>"or"
                        <string>AR PL KaitiM Big5</string>"or"
                        <string>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</string>"or"
                        <string>AR PL KaitiM GB</string>"or"
                        <string>AR PL SungtiL GB</string>
                </test>
                <edit name="hinting" mode="assign">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </edit>
                <edit name="autohint" mode="assign">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </edit>
                <edit name="antialias" mode="assign">
                        <bool>false</bool>
                </edit>
</match>

4、在安装klibc过程中出现大致如下的错误

 * Applying klibc-1.5.11-x86_64-io.h-return.diff ...                                                                                                            [ ok ] 
>>> Source unpacked in /var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/work 
>>> Compiling source in /var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/work/klibc-1.5.15 ... 
make -j3 defconfig CC=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc HOSTCC=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc 
Makefile:434: *** mixed implicit and normal rules.  Stop. 
emake failed 
 * ERROR: dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1 failed: 
 *   No defconfig 
 * 
 * Call stack: 
 *     ebuild.sh, line  56:  Called src_compile 
 *   environment, line 2425:  Called die 
 * The specific snippet of code: 
 *       emake ${defconfig} CC="${CC}" HOSTCC="${HOSTCC}" || die "No defconfig"; 
 * 
 * If you need support, post the output of 'emerge --info =dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1', 
 * the complete build log and the output of 'emerge -pqv =dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1'. 
 * The complete build log is located at '/var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/temp/build.log'. 
 * The ebuild environment file is located at '/var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/temp/environment'. 
 * S: '/var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/work/klibc-1.5.15' 
 
>>> Failed to emerge dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1, Log file: 
 
>>>  '/var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/temp/build.log' 
 
 * Messages for package dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1: 
 
 * ERROR: dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1 failed: 
 *   No defconfig 
 * 
 * Call stack: 
 *     ebuild.sh, line  56:  Called src_compile 
 *   environment, line 2425:  Called die 
 * The specific snippet of code: 
 *       emake ${defconfig} CC="${CC}" HOSTCC="${HOSTCC}" || die "No defconfig"; 
 * 
 * If you need support, post the output of 'emerge --info =dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1', 
 * the complete build log and the output of 'emerge -pqv =dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1'. 
 * The complete build log is located at '/var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/temp/build.log'. 
 * The ebuild environment file is located at '/var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/temp/environment'. 
 * S: '/var/tmp/portage/dev-libs/klibc-1.5.15-r1/work/klibc-1.5.15'

问题原因:高版本make的一个bug
解决方法: 编译klibc的时候先将make版本降低

emerge --oneshot =make-3.80-r4 
emerge --oneshot klibc

编译完成后再将版本升级回来

emerge --update --oneshot make

参考:

http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-849190.html?sid=d33383354a919e3ebabba9b36edd2d4e

http://bugs.gentoo.org/345743

http://forums.fedoraforum.org/archive/index.php/t-255624.html

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2 Responses to “再一次安装gentoo过程中遇到的几个小问题”

  1. gj says:

    哈哈,解决了我两个问题,openoffice正在编译中

  2. gj says:

    搞定~~

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